Are medical laboratory and hospital staff exposed to gaseous inhalation not at health risks.

Udeme KE1, Enwere T1, Oti ME1, Obuna AJ2, Uro-Chukwu HC2,3*
1Medical laboratory Department, National Obstetrics Fistula Centre Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
2Department of Medical Services, National Obstetrics Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
3Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Uro-Chukwu, Henry Chukwuemeka; +234-8035854750; hurochu@gmail.com; henryuchukwu@yahoo.co.uk

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Abstract

Toxic exposures are most likely to occur via inhalation, direct contact with the skin or eyes and ingestion, though inhalation with associated fatalities is the most commonly reported. Gases and vapours are the most frequently inhaled substances; nevertheless, liquids and solids can also be inhaled in the form of finely divided mists, aerosols, or dusts. Inhaled substances may cause injury in pulmonary epithelium, reproductive system and other body organs leading to severe disease from simple symptoms. Both hospital and laboratory personnel are affected directly or indirectly. The sources of these toxic inhalants range from environmental contamination to poor professional procedures. International Agency for Research on Cancer in their classification listed that some of these hospital-based inhalants are implicated in cancer pathogenicity, thus need for conscious awareness. The aim of this commentary is to highlight gaseous inhalation hazards associated with medical laboratory and hospital staff, with a view to ensuring preventive procedure that will improve staff safety and health status.

Key words: Medical workers, Inhalation of gases, Health risks.

Cite this article: Udeme KE, Enwere T, Oti ME, Obuna AJ, Uro-Chukwu HC. Are medical laboratory and hospital staff exposed to gaseous inhalation not at health risks? A commentary. Yen Med J. 2020;2(2):1–4.

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