Assessment of the oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices among dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria.

Osadolor AJ1*, Ekariama A1, Oyibo AI1, Osadolor OO2
1Department of Dentistry, Central Hospital Oleh, Delta State, Nigeria.
2Department of Child Dental Health, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Osadolor AJ; +234 701 391 9301; aise.osadolor@outlook.com

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Abstract

Background: Oral disease is considered an important public health problem because of its high prevalence and effects. Oral diseases are strongly influenced by the patient’s belief, attitudes and values.
Objective: To assess the oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices, and its impacts on caries experience and oral hygiene status among dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of adult dental patients presenting at the Dental department, Central Hospital Oleh, Delta State. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and clinical oral examination. Analysis of data was done using the IBM® SPSS® Statistics version 25 software. Association between variables was tested using Fisher’s exact, independent t-test, multinominal logistic and Pearson’s regressions. The level of significance was set at 0.05.
Results: In this study, there were 154 respondents with a mean age of 40.49 years. The mean percentage oral health knowledge, attitude and practices scores among respondents were fair (66.6% ± 15.1%), good (76.5% ± 8.6%) and fair (66.5% ± 9.4%). The prevalence of dental caries was 49.4%. The mean DMFT and OHI-S among the respondents were 1.21  and 3.26. Oral hygiene status was significantly correlated with oral health knowledge and practices (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The knowledge and practices of respondents concerning oral health were fair; meanwhile, their attitudes were good. Oral hygiene was significantly associated with age and sex. Socioeconomic conditions were associated with oral health practices.

Keywords:  Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Dental patients, Healthcare.

Cite this article: Osadolor AJ, Ekariama A, Oyibo AI, Osadolor OO. Assessment of the oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices among dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria. Yen Med J. 2021;3(2):103–115

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