Awareness and attitude of men towards exclusive breastfeeding in Sokoto Metropolis.
Meme FC1*, Oche MO2
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
2Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Meme Franklin, +234 803 435 2914; email@example.com
Download full article in pdf format
Background: Over the years, breastfeeding has been the safest and easiest way to give the newborn an assuring start to feeding in the extra-uterine life. Exclusive breastfeeding has been proven to be the gateway to this exciting start in life. The contribution and support of the man towards this practice cannot be over-emphasised.
Objective: To determine the awareness and attitude of men towards exclusive breastfeeding.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in Wamakko local government area of Sokoto State in 2006, which form a major part of Sokoto metropolis and plays host to major ministries and parastatals of Government, including the teaching hospital. It was a cross-sectional descriptive study. A structured, self-administered questionnaire, containing relevant questions on biodata, awareness and attitude towards exclusive breastfeeding among men was answered by 152 respondents.
Results: Majority of the men (96.4%) were aware of exclusive breastfeeding, of these, 60.4% strongly approved their wives to practice it, while 31.4% approved of it. There was a signiﬁcant diﬀerence between the educational status of the men and their awareness about exclusive breastfeeding, x2= 46.67; df = 2 p> 0.05. There was no signiﬁcant diﬀerence in the tribes of the respondents and their decision to allow their wives practice exclusive breastfeeding, x2 = 0.685; df = 3. P< 0.05.
Conclusion: This study revealed that there is a high level of awareness on exclusive breastfeeding amongst men in the studied population. Education improves the awareness and positive attitude of men towards exclusive breastfeeding, which is unlikely to be aﬀected by tribe.
Keywords: Breastfeeding, Awareness, Attitude, Education, Sokoto.
Cite this article: Meme FC, Oche MO. Awareness and attitude of men towards exclusive breastfeeding in Sokoto Metropolis. Yen Med J. 2019;1(1):10-14.
- International Child Development Centre. Celebrating the Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding: past achievements, present challenges and priority actions for infant and young child feeding. Florence, Italy: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; 2006.
- Azubuike JC, Nkaginieme KE. Breastfeeding. In: Azubuike JC and Nkanginieme KE, eds. Paediatrics and Child Health in a Tropical Region. 3rd ed. Owerri, Nigeria: Afr Educational services; 2017:152–157.
- Schack-Nielsen L, Michaelsen KF. Breastfeeding and Future Health. Curr Opin Chin Nutr Metab Care. 2006;9(3):289–296.
- Batal M, Boulghourjian C, Abdallah A, Aﬁﬁ R. Breastfeeding and feeding practices in infants in a developing country; a neonatal Survey in Lebanon. Pub Health Nutr. 2006;9(3):313–319.
- Chatman LM, Salihu HM, Roofe ME, Wheatle P, Henry D, Jolly PE. Inﬂuence of Knowledge and Attitudes on Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice Among rural Jamaican Mothers. Birth. 2004;31(4):265–271.
- Connolly C, Kelleher CC, Becker G, Friel S, Gabhainn SN. Attitude of Young Men and Women to Breastfeeding. Ir Med J. 1998;91(3):88–89.
- Onayade AA, Abiona TC, Abayomi IO, Makanjuola RO. The First Six Months Growth and Illness of Exclusively and Non-exclusively Breastfed Infants in Nigeria. East Afri Med J. 2004;81(3):146–153.
- Pollock CA, Bustamante-Forest R, Giarratano G. Men of Diverse Cultures: Knowledge and Attitudes about Breastfeeding. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2002;31(6):673–679.
- Rose VA, Warrington VO, Linder R, Williams CS. Factors Inﬂuencing Infants Feeding Method in an Urban Community. J. Natl Med Assoc. 2004;96(3):325–331.
- Lawoyin TO, Osimowo H, Babatunde M, Bajomo TG, Betiku AO, Busari KT, et al. Family Planning in Rural Nigeria: A Study Among Men. Afr J Med Sci. 2002;31(2):159–162.
- Ekure EN, Antia-Obong OE, Udo JJ, Edet EE. Maternal Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice in Calabar, Nigeria: Some related Social Characteristics. Nig J Clin Pract. 2003;6(2):92–94.
- Hwang WJ, Chung WJ, Kang DR, Sug MH. Factors Affecting Breastfeeding – Rate and Duration. J Prev Med Pub Health. 2006;39(1):74–80.
Hizel S, Leyhun G, Tanzer F, Sanli C. Traditional Beliefs as Forgotten Inﬂuencing Factors on Breastfeeding Performance in Turkey. Saudi Med. J. 2006;27(4):511–518.