Breast cancer with metastasis to the parotid gland in a postmenopausal Nigerian woman

Nwabuoku SE1, Luwa PSA2, Daniyan M1, Abur PP1, Yusufu LMD1, Adogu I3
1Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
2Department of Surgery, Rasheed Shekoni Teaching Hospital, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
3Department of Pathology, Rasheed Shekoni Teaching Hospital, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
Correspondence: Dr. Stanley E. Nwabuoku; +234 813 292 6223;

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Background: A significant proportion of women with breast cancer still develop metastasis within 5 to 10 years of diagnosis. Distant metastasis to the parotid gland is very rare but have been reported from primaries in the lungs, kidneys and breasts. Between 1982 and 2018, the authors are aware of only 22 reported cases in the literature worldwide.
Case presentation: We present the case below of a 62-year-old woman with breast cancer, metastasis to the contralateral parotid gland and paraplegia. The patient refused treatment and eventually discharged herself against medical advice.
Conclusion: A parotid swelling in any patient with a malignancy should prompt the attending doctor to thoroughly assess the patient, preferably assuming it is a metastatic lesion until proven otherwise. Subsequent treatment is basically palliative but should include radiological tumour staging, tumour resection and adjuvant therapy.

Keywords: Parotid gland, Metastasis, Breast cancer.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(3):29–31.

Cite this article: Nwabuoku SE, Luwa PSA, Daniyan M, Abur PP, Yusufu LMD, Adogu I. Breast cancer with metastasis to the parotid gland in a postmenopausal Nigerian woman. Yen Med J. 2020;2(3):29–31.


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