Clinical basis for the knowledge of anatomy of the carotid artery: A review article

Kpuduwei SPK1,2,3
1Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa state, Nigeria.
2Department of Human Anatomy, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa state, Nigeria.
3Neurosurgery Division, Department of Surgery, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
Correspondence: Dr. Kpuduwei, Selekeowei Peter Kespi; +234 803 538 2152; dr.kpuduwei@gmail.com

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Abstract

The carotid artery is a major artery that supplies the head and neck region. Its internal carotid branch supplies the brain directly and serves as a major vessel of interest to neurosurgeons, while the external carotid branch mainly supplies structures in the neck, scalp and face.

Whereas, diseases like atherosclerosis and aneurysm of the extracranial or intracranial parts respectively appear to affect the wall, they also have significant effect on luminal diameter and subsequent blood flow to the end organs like the brain.

The aim of this review is to remind us of the importance of the anatomical knowledge of the vessel in clinical practice. Articles from google data base and standard texts of recent publication were reviewed. The physicians and surgeons managing patients with related conditions of the carotid artery and its branches will benefit from this review.

Keys: Common carotid artery, Internal carotid artery, External carotid artery, Brain, Anatomy, Clinical practice, Knowledge, Neurosurgery.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(3):23–28.

Cite this article: Kpuduwei SPK. Clinical basis for the knowledge of anatomy of the carotid artery: A review article. Yen Med J. 2020;2(3):23–28.

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