Comparative study of road traffic accidents caused by motorcycles before and after the Lagos state new traffic laws.

Surulere MO1*, Campbell PC1
1Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos.
*Correspondence: Surulere MO; +234 805 162 9186; kunlesurulere@yahoo.com

Download full article in pdf format

Abstract

Background: Road traffic accidents are among the commonest causes of death and disability worldwide with a high burden of these accidents occurring in developing nations. In Nigeria, Lagos State has one of the highest rates of accidents contributing significantly to the burden of death and disability among motorcyclists in the country. With the high frequency, mortality rates and morbidity associated with motorcycle related road traffic accidents in Lagos, there arose a need for an intervention (traffic laws) and a need to assess the impact of traffic laws in reducing the frequency of road traffic accidents in the state.
Objectives: To compare the frequencies, morbidity patterns and associated mortality of motorcycle- related road traffic accidents before and after the Lagos State new traffic law.
Materials and Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study design in which a total of 202 case notes were retrieved by systematic sampling. Data gathered included age, sex, occupation of the patients, mode of involvement, use of safety devices e.g., helmet use, nature of their injuries and death during or after the accident if any.
Results: It was found that more males were affected representing 58.56% pre-law, while more females were affected post-law representing 51.56%. Before the ban, six deaths representing 5.41% occurred as compared with no death after the ban. The most common part of the body involved was the lower limb region; 76.58% and 68.13% pre-law and post-law respectively. The most common upper limb fracture was the radial bone fracture; 36.59% pre-law and 25.71% post-law. Upper limb dislocation was found in 36.59% of the respondents, pre-law and 31.43% of the respondents, post-law. The most common lower limb fracture was that of tibia and fibula which accounted for 35.29% pre-law and 41.94% post-law. Lower limb dislocation was found in 2.35% of the respondents, pre-law and 1.61% of the respondents, post-law.
Conclusion: This study suggests that the impact of the law is promising as there has been a marked reduction in motorcycle related road traffic accidents, hence the need for continued enforcement by road traffic agencies and compliance from road users.

Keywords: Road traffic accidents, Motorcycles, Pedestrians, Pre-law, Post-law.

Cite this article: Surulere MO, Campbell PC. Comparative study of road traffic accidents caused by motorcycles before and after the Lagos state new traffic laws. Yen Med J. 2020;2(1):28-37.

REFERENCES

  1. Krug E. Injury: A leading cause of the global burden of disease, 2000. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002. Available from: who.int/voilence_injury_prevention/ind ex.html. Accessed April 15, 2015.
  2. Museru L, Leshabari M, Mcharo C. Road Traffic accident in Tanzania: A Ten-Year Epidemiological Appraisal. East Central Afri J 2002;7(1):23-26.
  3. Aaron P, Jonathon P, Mirjam B, Tyler A, Nguyen A, Thi Viet Nam’s Mandatory Motorcycle Helmet Law and its Impact on Children. Bull World Health Organ. 2009; 87:369–373
  4. Atubi A Monthly Analysis of Road Traffic Accident in Selected Local Government Areas of Lagos State, Nigeria. Mediterranean J Soc Sci. 2012;3(11):48-58
  5. Idem UJ, Udofia NE. Sentencing and the Administration of Criminal Justice in Nigeria. Donnish J Law Conflict Resol. 2018;4(1):1–10.
  6. National Orthopaedic Hospital, Lagos. Services. Available at https://www.nohlagos.gov.ng/. Accessed December 20,
  7. Mabula J, Ngayomela H, Kanumba E, Chandika E, Balumuka Motorcycle Injuries as an Emerging Public Health Problem in Mwanza City, North-Western Tanzania. Tanzanian J Health Res. 2010; 12(4):11-14
  8. Wittayarungruengsri N, Chirachariyavej T, Kusamran,T, Tiensuwan Causes of Fatalities and Injuries from Motorcycle Accidents in Bangkok by Autopsy Investigation. Paper Presented at the 8thNational Research Conference, Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University, Thailand; September, 2007.
  9. Vafaee-Najar A, Esmaeili H, Ibrahimipour H, Dehnavieh R, Nozadi MS. Motorcycle fatal accidents in khorasan razavi province, Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2010;39(2):95-101.
  10. Andrew A. Motorcycle-related Trauma in South Sudan: A cross-sectional observational South Sudan Med J. 2009;2(4):1-5
  11. Kudebong M, Wurapa F, Nonvignon Economic burden of Motorcycle Accidents in Northern Ghana. Ghana Med J. 2011;45(4):135-135
  12. Ogunmodede T, Adio G, Ebijuwa A, Oyetola S, Akinola Factors Influencing High Rate of Commercial Motorcycle Accidents in Nigeria. Am Int J Contemp Res. 2012;2(11):130-132.
  13. Agbo H, Igo I, Envuladu E and Zoakahh I. Impact of Legislation on Motorcycle Associated Bone Injuries Caseload in a Hospital in Jos. Nig Res Web Pub. 2013;1(1):11-18.
  14. Keng S H. Helmet Use and Motorcycle Fatalities in Taiwan. Accid Anal Prev. 2005;37(2):349-355.
  15. Solagberu BA, Ofoegbu CK, Asdur LO. Motorcycle Injuries in a Developing Country and the Vulnerability of Riders, Passengers and its Prevention. Injury Prev. 2006;12(4):266-268.
  16. Servadei F, Begliomini C, Gardini E, Giustini M, Taggi F, Kraus J. Effect of Italy’s Motorcycle Helmet Law on Traumatic Brain Injuries. Injury Prev. 2003;9:257-260.
  17. Ghulam M, Khani M, Humail S, Anjum M, Afridi D. Pattern and Severity of Bony Injuries among Motorcyclist Admitted in Orthopaedic Ward. J Dow Univ Health Sci. 2013;7(2):73-75
Scroll to Top
× Chat