Comparison of shoe sizes of women with normal labour and those who developed vesicovaginal fistula.

Sunday-Adeoye I1, Ajosei F1, Ekwedigwe KC1, Daniyan ABC1, Eliboh MO1, Isikhuemen ME2*, Chukwu I1, Dimejesi IB1
1National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
2University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Isikhuemen ME; +234 805 063 8600; maradona4real2002@yahoo.com

Download full article in pdf format

Abstract

Background: Anthropometric variables such as height and shoe size have previously been used to determine labour outcomes. These variables may be used to predict the occurrence of obstructed labour which is the major cause of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF). These measurements are relatively cheap to get and can be easily assessed during routine antenatal clinic visits.
Objective: To compare the shoe size of women who had normal labour and those that developed vesicovaginal fistula.
Materials and Method: This was a descriptive comparative study conducted between January 2014 and January 2015 at the National Obstetric Fistula Centre involving 170 women who developed VVF as cases and 170 women who underwent normal labour as the control group. Shoe sizes of the subjects were determined using the Genuine Brannock Device. Mean of numerical variables were compared using Student t test. Statistical significance was p-value <0.05.
Results: The mean age of women in the VVF group was 33.45±8.51 years while that of the control was 27.85±2.93 years. The mean height of women in the VVF group was 1.5±0.1m while that of the control was 1.6±0.1m. The mean shoe size of women in the VVF group was 6.5±1.4 while that of control was 7.9±1.2. The differences in shoe size of the two groups were found to be statistically significant. 
Conclusion: This study shows that women who developed VVF have significantly smaller shoe size compared to those who had normal labour and delivery.

Keywords: Shoe size, Normal labour, Vesicovaginal fistula.

Cite this article: Sunday-Adeoye I, Ajosei F, Ekwedigwe KC, Daniyan ABC, Eliboh MO, Isikhuemen ME, et al. Comparison of shoe sizes of women with normal labour and those who developed vesicovaginal fistula. Yen Med J. 2021;3(2):85–88.

REFERENCES

  1. Mahmood TA, Campbell DM. Maternal Height, Shoe Size, And Outcome of Labour In White Primigravidas: A Prospective Anthropometric Study. BMJ. 1988;279:515–517.
  2. Mohamed EY, Bactor MFA, Ahmed HA, Seedehmed H, Abdelgadir MA, Abdalla SM. Contributing factors to vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) among fistula patients in Dr. Abbo’s National Fistula & Urogynecology Centre- Khartoum. Sudan. Public Health. 2009;4(2):259–264
  3. Ghoniem GM, Warda HA. The management of genitourinary fistula in the third millennium. Arab J. Urol. 2014;12:97–105.
  4. Arrowsmith S, Hamlin EC, Wall LL. Obstructed labour injury complex: obstetric fistula formation and the multifaceted morbidity of maternal birth trauma in the developing world. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1996;51(9):568–74.
  5. Frame S, Moore J, Peters A, Hall D. Maternal height and shoe size as predictors of pelvic disproportion: an assessment. BJOG. 1985;92(12):1239–1245.
  6. Ijaiya MA, Rahman AG, Aboyeji AP, Olatinwo AWO, Esuga SA, Ogah OK, et al. Vesicovaginal Fistula: A Review of Nigerian Experience. West Afr. J Med. 2010;29(5):293–298
  7. Toh-adam R, Srisupundit K, Tongsong T. Short stature as an independent risk factor for cephalopelvic disproportion in a country of relatively small sized mothers. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2012;285(6):1513–1516.
  8. Kara F, Yesildaglar N, Uygur D. Maternal height as a risk for Caesarean section. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2005;271(4):336–337.
  9. Bogaert L. The relationship between height, foot length, pelvic adequacy and mode of delivery. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1999;82(2):195–199.
  10. Awonuga AO, Merhi Z, Awonuga MT, Samuels T, Waller J, Pring D. Anthropometric measurements in the diagnosis of pelvic size: an analysis of maternal height and shoe size and computed tomography pelvimetric data. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2007;276:523–528.
Scroll to Top
× Chat