Covid-19 in Nigeria: where are we?
Muhammad DG1*, Gbonjubola YT1
1Physiotherapy Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Daha Garba Muhammad; +234 706 680 5746; firstname.lastname@example.org
Download full article in pdf format
Background: With students still at home for more than 5 months, international flights yet to resume, businesses not operating in full capacity and the claim by even some Nigerians that coronavirus does not exist, there is a need to look into where this country stands in her response to this pandemic ravaging the world.
Objective: To investigate the situation of covid-19 in Nigeria, the level of the virus transmission and its mode of transmission.
Materials and Method: The study made use of secondary data collated by the Nigeria Centre for disease control (NCDC) available at https://ncdc.gov.ng/reports/weekly.
Results: Nigeria accounted for 4.4% of all the confirmed cases in Africa and 4.3% of recovery rate. The total number of coronavirus test done in Nigeria at the time of study was 391,501, of which 53,021 (13.5%) were found to be positive. Majority of the confirmed cases 53,021 (76%) have recovered and were discharged from isolation with 1,010 (1.9%) deaths leaving only 11,730 (22%) active cases. Almost half 25,261 (47.6%). Of all the confirmed cases are from south-western region of the country followed by North-central which accounted for 17.7% Male were the predominant of the confirmed cases than female with 64% and 36% respectively.
Conclusion: The present situation revealed that the rate of contracting the virus in Nigeria is relatively low, which could be as a result of implementation of preventive measures or the actual number of cases is more than reported as a result of inadequate testing facilities.
Keywords: COVID-19, Nigeria, Lockdown, Pandemic, Infection transmission.
Cite this article: Muhammad DG, Gbonjubola YT. Covid-19 in Nigeria: where are we? Yen Med J. 2021;3(1):39–46.
- Zhu NA. A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. New Engl J Medi. 2020;382(8):727-733.
- Wong G, Liu W, Liu Y, Zhou B, Bi Y, Gao GF. MERS, SARS, and Ebola: The Role of Super-Spreaders in Infectious Disease. Cell Host & Microbe 2015;18(4):398–401.
- World Health Organization. Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus that causes it. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance/naming-the-coronavirus-disease-(covid-2019)-and-the-virus-that-causes-it Accessed August 31, 2020.
- World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 Accessed August 31, 2020.
- Van Elsland SL, O’Hare R. Imperial College London. Coronavirus pandemic could have caused 40 million deaths if left unchecked. Available from: https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/196496/coronavirus-pandemic-could-have-caused-40/ Accessed August 31, 2020.
- Sun P, Lu X, Xu C, Sun W, Pan B. Understanding of COVID-19 based on current evidence. J Med Vir. 2020;92(6):548-551.
- Guner R, Hasanoglu I, Aktas F. COVID-19: Prevention and control measures in community. Tur J Med Sci. 2020;50(3):571–557.
- Lai CC, Liu YH, Wang CY, Wang YH, Hsueh SC, Yen M.Y, et al. Asymptomatic carrier state, acute respiratory disease, and pneumonia due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV-2): Facts and myths. J Mic, Imm and Inf. 2020;53(3):404-412.
- Huang, C., et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet. 2020;395(10223):497-506.
- Liang X. Is COVID-19 more severe in older men? Pos Med J. 2020;96(1137):426–426.
- Tousoulis D. Diabetes mellitus: Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic. Hell J Car. 2020;61(1):1-2.
- Sadeghi DA, Taati MM, Satarzadeh N. COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019): A New Coronavirus Disease. Infe Dru Res. 2020;13:2819–2828.
- Demirbilek Y, Pehlivantürk G, Özgüler ZÖ, Alp Meşe E. COVID-19 outbreak control, example of ministry of health of Turkey. Turk J Med Sci. 2020;50:489-494.
- Abdi M. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Iran; actions and problems. Inf Con Hos Epid. 2020;1–5
- 2020. Available from: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ Accessed August 31, 2020.
- Ohia C, Bakarey AS, Ahmad T. COVID-19 and Nigeria: Putting the realities in context. Inte J Inf Dis. 2020;95:279–281.
- Mogaji, E. Impact of COVID-19 on transportation in Lagos, Nigeria. Tran Res Int Per. 2020;6:100154
- Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. First cases of Corona virus disease confirmed in Nigeria. Available from: https://ncdc.gov.ng/news/227/first-case-of-corona-virus-disease-confirmed-in-nigeria Accessed August 31, 2020.
- Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. COVID-19 SITUATION REPORT. 27 August, 2020. Available from: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/ Accessed August 30, 2020.
- Agbakwuru J. Buhari sets up 12-member Task Force to control Coronavirus. Vanguard. Available from: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2020/03/buhari-sets-up-12-member-task-force-to-control-coronavirus/ Accessed August 31, 2020.
- Obiezu T. Nigeria eases lockdown measures despite increases in coronavirus cases. Voice of America. Available from: https://www.voanews.com/covid-19-pandemic/nigeria-eases-lockdownmeasures-despite-increases-coronavirus-cases Accessed August 31, 2020.
- Muhammad DG. Effectiveness of lockdown (from 30th march to 30th may, 2020) in curbing the spread of coronavirus: Lagos, Abuja and Ogun as a case study. Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):7–9.
- Salako O, Okunade K, Allsop M, Habeebu M, Toye M, Oluyede G, et al. Upheaval in cancer care during the COVID-19 outbreak. Ecan med sci.2020;14:ed97.
- Okorie PN, Ademowo GO, Saka Y, Davies E, Okoronkwo C. Lymphatic Filariasis in Nigeria; Micro-stratification Overlap Mapping (MOM) as a Prerequisite for Cost-Effective Resource Utilization in Control and Surveillance. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7(9):e2416. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002416
- Population. Available from: https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/sudan-population/ Accessed October 27, 2020.
- All Africa. Africa COVID-19 death cases near 30,000 across continent. Available from: https://allafrica.com/stories/2020/08270157.html. Accessed August 27, 2020.
- Altayb HN, Eldeen ANM, Hamadalnil Y, Elsayid M, Mahmoud NE. The current situation of COVID-19 in Sudan, New Microbes and New Infections. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100746 Accessed October 27, 2020.
- Ihekweazu C,Agogo E. Africa respond to Covid-19. BMC med. 2020;18. Doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01622-w
- Dzinamarira T, Dzobo M, Chitungo I. Covid‐19: A perspective on Africa’s capacity and response. J Med Virol. 2020;1–8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26159 Accessed October 27, 2020.
- Roser M, Ritchie H, Ortiz-Ospina E, Hasell J. Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). Our World in Data 2020. Available from: https://ourworldindata.org/blog Accessed December 31, 2020.
- Kazeem Y. Africa’s toughest battle with covid-19 is getting enough test done. Available from: https://www.google.com/amp.s/qz.com/africa/1890208/how-many-covid-19-test-have-african-countries-done/amp. Accessed October 27, 2020.
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) Testing. Available from: https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirustesting#acknowledgements Accessed October 27, 2020.
- Testing is the key to getting coronavirus under control. Available from: https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-03-06/coronavirus-testing-is-the-key-to-countering-outbreak-of-covid-19 Accessed October 27, 2020.
- Awuondo K. Africa COVID-19 Diagnostic. Available from: https://coronavirus.tghn.org/regional-response/africa-ncov/covid-diagnosis/ Accessed October 27, 2020.
- World Health Organization. Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Available from: https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/covid-19 Accessed August 31, 2020.