Dental patients’ compliance with post-extraction instructions at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Nigeria.

Omorodion GI1, Osadolor AJ2*
1Department of Family Dentistry, Dental Centre, Central Hospital Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Dentistry, Central Hospital Oleh, Delta State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Osadolor AJ; +234 701 391 9301; aise.osadolor@outlook.com

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Abstract

Background: Compliance with post-extraction instructions and adequate patient education after oral surgical procedures can improve patient satisfaction and decrease post-operative morbidity.
Objective: To determine the compliance with post-extraction instructions among dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study of dental patients, who presented at the Dental department, Central Hospital Benin, Edo State, Nigeria, was done between September 2019 and June 2020. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on compliance with post-extraction instructions, and to clinically assess the extraction socket. Categorical data were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Mean percentage compliance was expressed as poor: < 50%, fair: 50% – 69.99%, good: ≥ 70%.
Results: A total of 218 participants were recruited for this study; however, 88 patients presented at the review appointment date giving a response rate of 40.4%. Participants comprised 37 males and 51 females, all receiving instructions via the verbal route. The overall mean percentage compliance of the respondents was 90.7%, and the incidence of alveolar osteitis was 1.1%. Satisfaction with the treatment given was excellent.
Conclusion: This study showed excellent compliance with post-extraction instructions; the mean percentage compliance among respondents was good. A low incidence of localised alveolar osteitis was recorded with a predilection for the maxillary jaw and the female sex.

Keywords: Compliance, Dental patients, Post-extraction instructions.

Cite this article: Omorodion GI, Osadolor AJ. Dental patients’ compliance with post-extraction instructions at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Nigeria. Yen Med J. 2021;3(3):158–165.

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