Differential diagnosis of myasthenia gravis: A review.

Okeafor CU1*, Awoyesuku EA2
1Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Mental Health, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Chukwuma U Okeafor; +234 909 802 9963; chukwuma.okeafor@uniport.edu.ng

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Abstract

Background: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder that is characterised by fatigable weakness of voluntary muscles. It is an auto immune disorder hitherto thought to be rare in our environment.
Aim: This paper aims to discuss the differential diagnosis of MG and increase the index of suspicion for these cases aiding early diagnosis.
Materials and Methods: Literature search was done using PubMed, ScienceDirect and Google scholar searches.
Conclusion: Myasthenia Gravis as an autoimmune and acquired condition manifests with various patterns of fatigable skeletal muscle weakness ranging from ocular to generalised distribution. A variety of clinical conditions that affect skeletal muscles could present as diagnostic challenges in Myasthenia Gravis. It is therefore necessary that the distinguishing clinical features and differentiating investigations in these other conditions should be borne in mind when assessing patients with muscular weakness

Keywords: Differential diagnosis, Myasthenia gravis.

Cite this article: Okeafor CU, Awoyesuku EA. Differential diagnosis of myasthenia gravis: A review. Yen Med J. 2020;2(2):5–14.

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