Early career doctors job satisfaction: A commentary

Makinde AM1, Babalola RN2, Kpuduwei SPK3, Ogunsuji OO4, Alatishe TA5, Sokomba A6, Adebayo O1*
1Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
3Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
4Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
5Department of Mental Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria.
6Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Oladimeji Adebayo; +234 803 374 4279; doctorladi@yahoo.com

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This commentary examines job satisfaction among early-career doctors (ECDs) in Nigeria. This group of professionals constitutes a significant portion of the physician workforce, and their satisfaction or otherwise can have indirect effects on patient care. Various theories and models relating to job satisfaction – such as those proposed by Locke and Herzberg; including the job-demand-control model, effort-reward-imbalance and job-demand-resource models- were discussed. Also, the various tools used to assess job satisfaction in the literature were evaluated. Moreover, a review of studies on job satisfaction among doctors in different regions of the world was done, suggesting that more doctors in Europe and Australia appeared to have a somewhat better satisfaction on their job than their counterparts in Africa. Intrinsic (like personal passion and motivation) and extrinsic factors (remuneration, working conditions) were identified. This was further dissected, and certain factors, including socio-demographics, issues bordering on autonomy, remuneration, working environment and training/skill acquisition were shown to influence job satisfaction. Lastly, this commentary establishes the benefits of overall improved job satisfaction on the doctor (improved mental and physical wellbeing), the patients (fewer errors in judgement, more efficient patient care), the overall health sector (reduction in brain-drain, expansion of health care delivery points), as well as the future of healthcare in our country, with the potential generation of efficient future healthcare leaders.

Keywords: Physician, Junior doctors, Early career doctor, Nigeria, Satisfaction, Workplace, Health workforce.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(3):9–14.

Cite this article: Makinde AM, Babalola RN, Kpuduwei SPK, Ogunsuji OO, Alatishe TA, Sokomba A, et al. Early career doctors job satisfaction: A commentary. Yen Med J. 2020;2(3):9–14.


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