Emil Theodore Kocher and surgical eponyms; a story of diligence, hard work and excellence.

Koroye OF1*, Baribote O1
1Department of Surgery, Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Koroye OF; +234 803 708 7725; oyintonbrak@yahoo.com

Download full article in pdf format

Cite this article: Koroye OF, Baribote O. Emil Theodore Kocher and surgical eponyms; a story of diligence, hard work and excellence. Yen Med J. 2021;3(1):3–7.


  1. McIntosh C, editor. Cambridge advanced learner’s dictionary: With CD-ROM. Cambridge University Press; 2013. Available from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/eponym. Accessed December 30, 2020
  2. Meals C, Wang J. Origins of eponymous orthopaedic equipment. Clin Ortho Related Res. 2010;468(6):1682-1692.
  3. Andrén-Sandberg Å, Mai G. Theodor Kocher (1841–1917)–a surgical maestro. Dig Surg. 2001;18(4):311-316.
  4. Kazi R, Peter R. Christian Albert Theodor Billroth: Master of surgery. J Postgrad Med. 2004;50(1):82-83.
  5. Kopp P. Theodore Kocher (1841-1917) Nobel Prize Centenary 2009. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2009;53(9):1176-1180.
  6. Nobel Foundation. The Nobel Prize. Available from: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/ Accessed August 12, 2020.
  7. Wikipedia. Nobel Alfred. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Nobel. Accessed October 24, 2020.
  8. Schlich T. Nobel Prizes for surgeons: In recognition of the surgical healing strategy. Int J Surg. 2007;5(2):129-133.
  9. Toledo-Pereyra LH. Nobel Laureate surgeons. J Invest Surg. 2006;19(4):211-218.
  10. Tan S, Shigaki D. Emil Theodor Kocher (1841-1917): thyroid surgeon and Nobel laureate. Singapore Med J. 2008;49(9):662-663.
  11. Dubhashi SP, Subnis B, Sindwani RD. Theodor E. Kocher. Indian J Surg. 2013;75(5):383-384.
  12. Tröhler U. Emil Theodor Kocher (1841–1917). J R Soc Med. 2014;107(9):376-377.
  13. Haas LF. Emil Theodor Kocher (1841-1917). J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2000;69(171):231-234.
  14. Badoe E, Archampong E, Jaja M. Principles and practice of surgery, including pathology in the tropics. 4th edition. Ghana: Ghana Publishing Corporation; 2009.
  15. Theodosopoulos T, Yiallourou AI, Dafnios N, Polymeneas G, Constantinou I, Staikou C, et al. Right Kocher’s incision: a feasible and effective incision for right hemicolectomy: a retrospective study. World J Surg Oncol. 2012;10(1):101-105. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7819-10-101
  16. Cadogan M. Emil Theodore Kocher. Life In the Fastlane website. Available from https://litfl.com/emil-theodor-kocher/ Accessed October 10, 2020.
  17. Bechmann S, Kashyap V. Anatomy, Head and Neck, External Jugular Veins. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing; 2020. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK538222/ Accessed October 24, 2020.
  18. Dominic D, Iwanaga J, Oskouian RJ. Review of the Variations of the Superficial Veins of the Neck. Cureus. 2018;10(6):e2826
  19. Salleh NA, Seng WH, Isa HDM. Optic neuropathy in thyroid eye disease: a case series. Korean J Fam Med. 2016;37(3):197-201.
  20. Syed M, Jenkinson P, Denholm S. Modified use of Kocher’s dissector in ligation of the superior thyroid pedicle. J Laryngol Otol. 2013;127(9):930-931.
  21. Ellis H. Kocher’s gland dissector, thyroid retractor and artery forceps. J Perioper Pract. 2006;16(10)510-511.
  22. Williams NS, Bulstrode CJK, O’Connell. Bailey and Love’s Short Practice of Surgery. 26th edition. FL: CRC Press; 2013.
  23. Zollinger RM, Ellison EC. Zollinger’s Atlas of Surgical Operations. 9th edition. McGraw Hill Professional; 2010.
  24. Jacobs LM, Burns KJ, Luk SS, Marshall III WT. Follow-up survey of participants attending the Advanced Trauma Operative Management (ATOM) Course. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2005;58(6):1140-1143.
  25. Tullu MS, Udgirkar VS, Muranjan MN, Sathe SA, Kamat JR. Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome: hypothyroidism with muscle pseudohypertrophy. Indian J Pediatr. 2003;70(8):671-673.
Scroll to Top
× Chat