Evaluation of knowledge and perception of contraception among HIV positive male in Saye, Zaria.

Oyegoke AF1, 2*, Abubakar A2
1Research & Public Health Studies, Salama Infirmary (Hospital and Maternity), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
2Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Oyegoke, Ayandunmola Folake; +234 808 367 0811; ayandunmolaonilude@gmail.com

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Background: An important part in the comprehensive care of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is contraception. Approximately 3.5 million people are living with HIV infection in Nigeria majority of whom are in their reproductive years. HIV is mainly transmitted through heterosexual contact and men account for 58% of adult Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) related deaths. Contraception save lives making all pregnancies wanted, it enhances attainment of development goals and also controls the time at which pregnancy occur and reduces the fertility rate of a country. In Nigeria, the contraceptive prevalence rate indicates wide zonal variations ranging from 2.7% in the North West to 28.5% in the South West. This means that HIV positive patients who are healthy may engage in high-risk sexual behaviour and are at risk of transmitting HIV to sero-negative partners or re-infecting themselves with new strains of the virus. Research carried out to evaluate the perception of HIV positive men on contraception is few.
Objective: To determine the knowledge and perception of contraception among HIV positive male patients.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study with collection of data through questionnaire and analysis was done using STATA v13.0.
Results: The mean age of respondents was 45.6 ± 11.7 years, majority (85.1%) of the respondents have heard about contraception and of this 90.4% and 10.5% knew condom and vasectomy respectively were type of contraception. Most (72%) had good perception and only 16.4% perceived that there is no need for HIV positive men to use contraception. There was significant association between marital status and knowledge of contraception (p < 0.001), also there was significant association between level of education and perception (p = 0.005).
Conclusion: There was high knowledge of contraception among HIV positive men, and poor acceptance of male and tubal ligation.

Keywords: ART, Condom, Leprosy, NTBLTC, Vasectomy, Tuberculosis, Tubal ligation.

Cite this article: Oyegoke AF, Abubakar A. Evaluation of knowledge and perception of contraception among HIV positive male in Saye­, Zaria. Yen Med J. 2020;2(2):20–29.


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