Impact of head and neck cancer (HNC) education on HNC knowledge and attitudes toward HNC peer and non-peer education: A school-based pilot study.

Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi1,2,3,4,5*, Kolawole Siyanbola Osunro1, Njideka Jacob Nwafor2,3,4, Precious Ayomide Kanmodi2,3,4,6
1National Teachers’ Institute, Birnin Kebbi Study Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria.
2Campaign for Head and Neck Cancer Education (CHANCE) Program, Cephas Health Research Initiative Inc, Ibadan, Nigeria.
3Tobacco Research & Advocacy Group, Cephas Health Research Initiative Inc, Ibadan, Nigeria.
4Mental and Oral Health Development Organization Inc, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria.
5Department of Community Health, Aminu Musa Habib College of Health Science & Technology, Yauri, Nigeria
6Department of Statistics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi; +2347032329156; kanmodikehinde@yahoo.com

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Abstract

Background: The rising prevalence of head and neck cancer (HNC) risk factors among secondary school students in Nigeria is alarming. Whilst most school-based health education programmes are focused on reproductive health and infectious disease prevention, only little attention is paid to HNC education.
Aim: To assess the impact of HNC education on Nigerian secondary school students’: knowledge on HNC; and attitudes toward HNC peer and non-peer education.
Materials and Method: This study was a pilot interventional study conducted among 40 students in two secondary schools in Birnin Kebbi, North-Western Nigeria. A health talk on HNC was given to the participants, using teaching aids. Before and after the health talk, a pre-test and a post-test questionnaire was given to each participant, respectively, to assess their baseline and end-line: knowledge on HNC; and attitudes toward HNC peer and non-peer education. Collected data was analysed using the SPSS Version 20 Software.
Results: The mean (±SD) age of the 40 participants was 17.13 (±1.604) years. After a health talk on HNC was given, our end-line survey showed a significant general increase in the participants’ knowledge on HNC aetiological/risk factors and its symptoms. Also, our survey data shows that the HNC health talk was very educative, very interesting, and also a source of motivation, significantly motivating the participants in educating their schoolmates, friends, and distant relatives on HNC (p-values<0.05).
Conclusion: School-based HNC education programme is a potential tool that can be used for creating awareness and modifying attitudes and behaviours of Nigerian secondary school students towards HNC prevention.

Keywords: Head and neck cancer, Risk factors, School health, Heath education, Prevention.

Cite this article: Kanmodi KK, Osunro KS, Nwafor NJ, Kanmodi PA. Impact of head and neck cancer (HNC) education on HNC knowledge and attitudes toward HNC peer and non-peer education: A school-based pilot study. Yen Med J. 2020;2(2):47–55.

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