Knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental patients presenting at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Southern Nigeria towards COVID-19

Omorodion GI1, Osadolor AJ2*
1Department of Family Dentistry, Dental Centre, Central Hospital Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Dentistry, Central Hospital Oleh, Delta State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Osadolor AJ; +234 701 391 9301; aise.osadolor@outlook.com

Download full article in pdf format

Abstract

Background: With the emergence of the COVID-19 disease, ascertaining the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of patients will lead to effective patient education, creation of gaps in the life cycle of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and a decrease in the spread of the infection.
Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria towards COVID-19.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of dental patients presenting at the Dental department, Central Hospital Benin, Edo State, Nigeria between August 2020 and February 2021. Data on knowledge, attitude and practices were collected using a researcher-administered semi-structured questionnaire. Analysis of data was done using the IBM® SPSS® Statistics version 25 software. Data on categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Mean percentage knowledge, attitude and practices was expressed as poor: < 50%, fair: 50% – 69.99%, good: ≥ 70%.
Results: In this study, 244 questionnaires were analysed. The respondents’ age ranged from 18 – 93, with a mean and median age of 34.93 years and 32.00 years, respectively. The mean percentage knowledge (74.81%), attitudes (68.93%), and practices (63.99%) among patients concerning COVID-19 were good, fair, and fair, respectively.
Conclusion: The respondents’ knowledge concerning COVID-19 was good; meanwhile, attitudes and practices were fair. There is a need for a more robust health education and promotion programme on COVID-19, due to gaps in relevant sensitisation pathways.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Dental patients, COVID-19.

Cite this article: Omorodion GI, Osadolor AJ. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental patients presenting at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Southern Nigeria towards COVID-19. Yen Med J. 2021;3(3):172–182.

REFERENCES             

  1. Li H, Liu S, Yu X, Tang S, Tang C. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): current status and future perspectives. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020;55(5):105951.
  2. Hui DS, Azhar IE, Madani TA, Ntoumi F, Kock R, Dar O, et al. The continuing 2019-nCoV epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health – The latest 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;91:264–266.
  3. Haque T, Hossain KM, Bhuiyan MMR, Ananna SA, Chowdhury SH, Ahmed A, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 and assessment of risks of infection by SARS-CoV-2 among the Bangladeshi population: An online cross-sectional survey. Research Square. Preprint posted online September 16, 2020. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-24562/v1.
  4. Template: COVID-19 pandemic data. Wikimedia Foundation Inc. 2020a. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:COVID-19_pandemic_data. Accessed 13th August, 2020.
  5. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Template: COVID-19 pandemic data. Wikimedia Foundation Inc. 2020b. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Nigeria.  Accessed 13th August, 2020.
  6. Liu Y, Ning Z, Chen Y, Guo M, Liu Y, Gali NK, et al. Aerodynamic characteristics and RNA concentration of SARS-CoV-2 aerosol in Wuhan hospitals during COVID 19 outbreak. bioRxiv. Preprint posted online March 10, 2020. doi: https://org/10.1101/2020.03.08.982637.
  7. van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(16):1564-1567.
  8. Lotfi M, Hamblin MR, Rezaei N. COVID-19: Transmission, prevention, and potential therapeutic opportunities. Clin Chim Acta. 2020;508:254–266.
  9. Wikimedia Foundation Inc. 2021b. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge. Accessed May 30, 2021.
  10. Ribeaux P, Poppleton SE. Psychology and Work: an introduction. London: Macmillan; 1978.
  11. Practice (learning method). Wikimedia Foundation Inc. 2021a. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Practice_(learning_method)#:~:text=From%20Wikipedia%2C%20the%20free%20encyclopedia,phrase%20’practice%20makes%20perfect’. Accessed May 30, 2021.
  12. Araoye O. Research methodology with statistics for health and social sciences. 2nd Llorin, Nigeria: Nathadex publishers; 2004.
  13. Habib MA, Dayyab FM, Iliyasu G, Habib AG. Knowledge, attitude and practice survey of COVID-19 pandemic in Northern Nigeria. PLoS One. 2021;16(1):e0245176.
  14. Erfani A, Shahriarirad R, Ranjbar K, Mirahmadizadeh A, Moghadami M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak: A Population-Based Survey in Iran. Bull World Health Organ. Preprint posted online March 30, 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.20.256651.
  15. Federal Ministry of Health. National Code of Health Research Ethics. 2007. Available from: http://nhrec.net/nhrec/NHREC_10.pdf. Accessed April 21, 2019.
  16. Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, Li Y. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Intl J Bio Sci. 2020;16(10):1745–1752.
  17. Rahman A, Sathi NJ. Knowledge, Attitude, and Preventive Practices toward COVID-19 among Bangladeshi Internet Users. Electron J Gen Med. 2020;17(5):em245.
  18. Lee M, Kang BA, You M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in South Korea. BMC Public Health. 2021;21:295.
  19. Gebretsadik D, Gebremichael S, Belete MA. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward COVID-19 Pandemic Among Population Visiting Dessie Health Center for COVID-19 Screening, Northeast Ethiopia. Infect Drug Resist. 2021;14:905-915.
Scroll to Top
× Chat