Knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental patients presenting at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Southern Nigeria towards COVID-19

Omorodion GI1, Osadolor AJ2*
1Department of Family Dentistry, Dental Centre, Central Hospital Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Dentistry, Central Hospital Oleh, Delta State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Osadolor AJ; +234 701 391 9301;

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Background: With the emergence of the COVID-19 disease, ascertaining the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of patients will lead to effective patient education, creation of gaps in the life cycle of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and a decrease in the spread of the infection.
Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria towards COVID-19.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of dental patients presenting at the Dental department, Central Hospital Benin, Edo State, Nigeria between August 2020 and February 2021. Data on knowledge, attitude and practices were collected using a researcher-administered semi-structured questionnaire. Analysis of data was done using the IBM® SPSS® Statistics version 25 software. Data on categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Mean percentage knowledge, attitude and practices was expressed as poor: < 50%, fair: 50% – 69.99%, good: ≥ 70%.
Results: In this study, 244 questionnaires were analysed. The respondents’ age ranged from 18 – 93, with a mean and median age of 34.93 years and 32.00 years, respectively. The mean percentage knowledge (74.81%), attitudes (68.93%), and practices (63.99%) among patients concerning COVID-19 were good, fair, and fair, respectively.
Conclusion: The respondents’ knowledge concerning COVID-19 was good; meanwhile, attitudes and practices were fair. There is a need for a more robust health education and promotion programme on COVID-19, due to gaps in relevant sensitisation pathways.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Dental patients, COVID-19.

Cite this article: Omorodion GI, Osadolor AJ. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental patients presenting at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Southern Nigeria towards COVID-19. Yen Med J. 2021;3(3):172–182.


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