Lifestyles pattern, health-seeking behaviour and body mass index of market traders in Owo, Owo Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria

Bolajoko OO1*, Olanrewaju OI2, Odugbemi BA3
1Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
2Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
3Community Health department, College of Health Technology, Ilese, Ogun State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Bolajoko Opeyemi O; +234 703 844 5221; opebolajoko@gmail.com, tunakinshealthcare@gmail.com

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Abstract

Background: Inappropriate health-seeking behaviour (HSB) coupled with a sedentary lifestyle had been shown to complicate health outcomes among market traders in Nigeria. Therefore, this study assessed the lifestyles pattern, HSB and Body Mass Index of market traders in Owo, Owo local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria.
Materials and methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which involved 205 traders who were conveniently selected from three major markets in Owo. Information was sourced from participants on medical history, lifestyle patterns, and HSB using a structured, self-administered questionnaire and anthropometric indices. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square. In all cases, a probability of P<0.05 was taken to indicates a level of significance.
Results: Findings showed that 44.4% of the traders were males while 55.6% were females, about 28.8% and 24.4% drinks and smoke cigarette, respectively. Similarly, 5.4% and 5.4% were hypertensive and diabetic, respectively. Obesity was found in 12.6% of the study population, of which obese females were statistically (<0.05) higher than their male traders. The prevalent of inappropriate HSB was 36.1%. Self-medication/herbal cure (33.3%) and patent medicine store (33.3%) were the most identified inappropriate health seeking behaviour by the traders.
Conclusion: Appropriate HSB increases with the increase in age of the traders while inappropriate   HSB decreases with an increase in age. A significant difference existed between age (P=0.014), sex (P=0.002), presence of chronic disease (P=0.011), and HSB.

Keywords: Alcohol, Cigarette, Obesity, Inappropriate HSB, Hypertension, Diabetes.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):80 – 89.

Cite this article: Bolajoko OO, Olanrewaju OI, Odugbemi BA. Lifestyles pattern, health seeking behaviour and body mass index of market traders in Owo, Owo local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria. Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):80 – 89.

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