Lifestyles pattern, health-seeking behaviour and body mass index of market traders in Owo, Owo Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria

Bolajoko OO1*, Olanrewaju OI2, Odugbemi BA3
1Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
2Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
3Community Health department, College of Health Technology, Ilese, Ogun State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Bolajoko Opeyemi O; +234 703 844 5221;,

Download full article in pdf format


Background: Inappropriate health-seeking behaviour (HSB) coupled with a sedentary lifestyle had been shown to complicate health outcomes among market traders in Nigeria. Therefore, this study assessed the lifestyles pattern, HSB and Body Mass Index of market traders in Owo, Owo local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria.
Materials and methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which involved 205 traders who were conveniently selected from three major markets in Owo. Information was sourced from participants on medical history, lifestyle patterns, and HSB using a structured, self-administered questionnaire and anthropometric indices. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square. In all cases, a probability of P<0.05 was taken to indicates a level of significance.
Results: Findings showed that 44.4% of the traders were males while 55.6% were females, about 28.8% and 24.4% drinks and smoke cigarette, respectively. Similarly, 5.4% and 5.4% were hypertensive and diabetic, respectively. Obesity was found in 12.6% of the study population, of which obese females were statistically (<0.05) higher than their male traders. The prevalent of inappropriate HSB was 36.1%. Self-medication/herbal cure (33.3%) and patent medicine store (33.3%) were the most identified inappropriate health seeking behaviour by the traders.
Conclusion: Appropriate HSB increases with the increase in age of the traders while inappropriate   HSB decreases with an increase in age. A significant difference existed between age (P=0.014), sex (P=0.002), presence of chronic disease (P=0.011), and HSB.

Keywords: Alcohol, Cigarette, Obesity, Inappropriate HSB, Hypertension, Diabetes.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):80 – 89.

Cite this article: Bolajoko OO, Olanrewaju OI, Odugbemi BA. Lifestyles pattern, health seeking behaviour and body mass index of market traders in Owo, Owo local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria. Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):80 – 89.


  1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Practical Action Publishing. Smallholder Agriculture and Market Participation, 2017. Accessed September 4, 2020.
  2. Akintaro O.A. Health Seeking Behaviours as Predictors of Hypertension among Traders in Osun State, Nigeria. Huria J. 2015;20:73-80.
  3. Sule SS, Ijadunola KT, Onayade AA, Fatusi AO, Soetan RO, Connell FA. A study on the utilization of primary health care facilities in a rural community. Niger J. Med. 2008;17(1):98-106.
  4. MacKian S. Complex cultures: rereading the story between health and social capital. Crit Soc Policy. 2002;18(2):215-226.
  5. Amaghionyeodiwe LA. Determinants of the choice of health care provider in Nigeria. Health Care Manag Sci. 2008;11(3):215-227.
  6. Katung PY. Socioeconomic factors responsible for poor utilisation of the primary health care services in a rural community in Nigeria. Niger J Med. 2001;10(1):28-29.
  7. Oguizu AD, Utah-Iheanyichukwu C, Ibejide. Prevalence of Hypertension among Adult Traders in Some Selected Markets in Awka, Awka-South Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria. Acta Sci Nutri Health. 2019;3(6):142-149.
  8. Ige C, Nwachukwu C. Health Care Seeking Behaviour Among Market Traders in Ibarapa Central Local Government, Nigeria. The Inter J Health. 2008;9(2):1-5.
  9. Onwujekwe OE, Uzochukwu BC. Socioeconomic differences and health seeking behaviour for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. Malaria J. 2008;8(7):5.
  10. Afolabi, W.A. Addo, A. A. and Sonibare, M.A. Activity pattern, energy intake and obesity among Nigerian urban market women. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 2004;55(2):85-90.
  11. Latunji, O.O and Akinyemi, O.O. Factors Influencing Health-seeking behaviour among civil servants in Ibadan, Nigeria. Ann Ib Postgrad Med. 2018;16(1):52-60.
  12. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet. 2005;365(9455):217-223.
  13. Olanrewaju OI, Oladapo AA, Dele-Olawumi B, Odunuga BA. Lifestyles patterns and Anthropometric indices of staff in Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria. Adv Med Dent Health Sci. 2020;3(1):7-14.
  14. World Health Organization. Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry. WHO Technical Report Series 854, p. 1995:375-409. Available from:;jsessionid=C4BE53E7E201D863FAA59AAB45DE8A6F?sequence=1. Accessed September 3, 2020.
  15. World Health Organization. Waist Circumference and Waist – Hip Ratio: Report of a WHO Expert Consultation, Geneva, 8-11 December, 2008. p. 1-39. Available from: Accessed September 3, 2020.
  1. Olanrewaju OI, Olaitan OO, Alaba JO. Blood Pressure pattern, Nutritional Status and Stress Assessment of health workers in Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Nigeria. 2019:109-111.
  2. Rosta J, Gerber A. Excessive working hours and health complaints among hospital physicians: a study based on a national sample of hospital physicians in Germany. Ger Med Sci. 2007;5:Doc0
  3. Lucas N, Windsor TD, Caldwell TM, Rodgers B. Psychological distress in non-drinkers: Associations with previous heavy drinking and current social relationships. 2010;45:95–102.
  4. Ogunjimi L, Ikorok MM, Olayinka Y. Prevalence of obesity among Nigerian nurses: The Akwa Ibom State experience. Inter NGO J. 2010;5(2):45-9.
  5. Balogun MO, Owoaje ET. Work condition and health problems of female traders in Ibadan, Nigeria. African J Med Sci. 2007;36(1):57-63.
  6. World Health Organization. A global brief on hypertension: silent killer, global public health crises (World Health Day 2013). Geneva: WHO; 2013. Available from: Accessed September 3, 2020.
  1. Popkin BM. The shift in stages of the nutrition transition in the developing world differs from past experience. Public health Nutr. 2002;5(1A):205-214.
  2. Ellulu SM, Ismail P, Huzwah K, Asmah R, Yehia A. Obesity and inflammation; the linking mechanisms and the complications. Arch Med Sci. 2017;13(4):851-863.
  3. Russell S. Treatment-seeking behaviour in urban Sri Lanka: trusting the state, trusting private providers. Soc Sci Med. 2005;61(7):1396-1407.
  4. Ali F, Sami F, Rehman H, Haider K. Relation of gender education and health seeking behaviour of the general population regarding psychiatric illness. J Pakistan Med Assoc. 2006;56(9):421-422.
  5. Omotoso D. Health seeking behaviour among the rural dwellers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Afri Res Rev. 2010;4(2):125-138.
  6. Iyalomhe GBS, Iyalomhe SI. Health-Seeking Behavior of Rural Dwellers in Southern Nigeria: Implications for Healthcare Professionals. Int J Trop Dis Health. 2012;2(2):62-71.
  7. Ukwaja KN, Alobu I, Nweke CO, Onyenwe EC. Healthcare-seeking behaviour, treatment delays and its determinants among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in rural Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2013;13(1):25.
  8. Fikre B, Samuel D, Zinabu D, Fessahaye A, Fasil T (2018). Assessment of Health Care Seeking Behavior among House HoldHeads in Dale Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, Ethiopia. Glob J Med Res Dis. 2018;18(1):19-29.
  9. Manzi A, Munyaneza F, Mujawase F. Assessing predictors of delayed antenatal care visits in Rwanda: a secondary analysis of Rwanda demographic and health survey 2010. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14(1):290.
Scroll to Top
× Chat