Menstrual abnormalities in undergraduates with pelvic inflammatory disease attending Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua.

Oseni TIA1,2*, Fuh NF2, Momoh MO3, Odewale MA2
1Department of Family Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Family Medicine, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria.
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Oseni Tijani Idris Ahmad; +234 803 628 1897; tijanioseni@yahoo.com, tijanioseni@aauekpoma.edu.ng

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Abstract

Background: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common global gynaecological problem. It requires immediate and early diagnosis and treatment in order to prevent long term sequelae. It is mainly diagnosed clinically as both laboratory and radiologic investigations are either not available or unaffordable or both. Menstrual abnormalities are common clinical presentations in patients PID. This study was to determine the pattern of menstrual abnormalities among undergraduates with PID.
Materials and Method: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 360 Female undergraduates who presented to ISTH over a six-month period. They were evaluated for the presence or absence of menstrual abnormalities using a pretested, semi structured questionnaire. They were also evaluated for the presence of PID using the WHO criteria for the clinical diagnosis of PID. Information obtained were analysed with epi info 3.5.4.
Results: A total of 182 (79.5%) out of the 229 patients with PID had at least a form of menstrual abnormality compared to 47 (35.9%) of the 131 patients without PID (p < 0.001). Menorrhagia (p < 0.001), Metrorrhagia (p < 0.03) and Dysmenorrhea (p < 0.001) were found to be associated with PID.
Conclusion: Menstrual abnormalities were found to be commonly present in patients with PID particularly menorrhagia, metrorrhagia and dysmenorrhoea. They should therefore be seriously considered while evaluating patients for PID particularly in resource constrained settings.

Key Words: Menstrual Abnormalities, Undergraduates, PID

Cite this article: Oseni, TIA, Fuh NF, Momoh, MO, Odewale MA. Menstrual abnormalities in undergraduates with pelvic inflammatory disease attending Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua. Yen Med J. 2021;3(2):130–134.

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