Pattern of neurological disorders managed in neurology clinics in Kano, Nigeria

Jibrin Sammani Usman1*, Amina Isa Umar2
1Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano State, Nigeria.
2Department of Physiotherapy, Rasheed Shekoni Teaching Hospital, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Jibrin Sammani Usman; +234 809 999 5088; jsammani.pth@buk.edu.ng; jibrilphysio@yahoo.com

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Abstract

Background: Neurological disorders result in a number of disabilities with consequent increase in financial and caregiver burdens.
Objective: To determine the pattern of neurological disorders managed in some neurology clinics in Kano, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: A five-year retrospective descriptive survey (2016-2020) of patients with neurological disorders attending neurology out-patient clinics at three selected hospitals in Kano metropolis. A research proforma was used to collect information on socio-demographic and health characteristics of the participants. Case folders and outpatient registers were used as a source of information about the patients. Data obtained was analyzed using IBM Statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20 and results presented using descriptive statistics of frequency and percentage.
Results: Out of the 433 cases with neurological disorders surveyed, 58% were adult and 42% were paediatric. Males (54.3%) were found to be more affected. Majority (83.4%) of the participants were from an urban area, with married (79.7%) individuals mostly affected. Stroke was the most prevalent (33.7%) neurological disorder. Hypokinesia (5.1%) and hyperkinesia (3%) as a primary and secondary movement disorder respectively were the most prevalent forms of movement disorder. Psychotic symptoms, weakness, paresthesia, fever, vomiting and convulsion were the most common manifestations that comes with the neurological disorders. Of the common neurological disorders, stroke was most associated with motor (56.2%), sensory (36.4%) and psychiatric (43.5%) manifestations.
Conclusion: Paediatric age group contributed close to half of neurological disorders. Stroke was the most prevalent form of neurological disorder and most associated with motor, sensory and psychiatric manifestations. Hypokinesia and hyperkinesia had close prevalence and were the most common primary and secondary movement disorders respectively.

Key word: Neurological disorders, Stroke, CVA, Prevalence, Pattern, Manifestations.

Cite this article: Jibrin Sammani Usman, Amina Isa Umar. Pattern of neurological disorders managed in neurology clinics in Kano, Nigeria. Yen Med J. 2022;4(2):10–19.

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