Prevalence of traumatic dental injury among dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria: a five-year retrospective study.
Osadolor AJ1*, Ekariama A1, Oyibo AI1, Osadolor OO2, Omorodion GI3
1Department of Dentistry, Central Hospital Oleh, Delta State, Nigeria.
2Department of Child Dental Health, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria.
3Dental Centre, Central Hospital Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Osadolor AJ; +234 701 391 9301; firstname.lastname@example.org
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Background: Traumatic injuries not only pose a health risk worldwide, but are also regarded among serious social problems. Injuries of dental origin (TDI) continue to be a cause of great concern among children, adolescents and adults.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of TDI among patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern-Nigeria.
Materials and Method: A 5-year retrospective study was conducted at the dental department, Central Hospital Oleh, Oleh, Delta State. Variables of interest which included age, gender, marital status, TDI environment, aetiology of TDI, categories/primary diagnoses of TDI, number of traumatised teeth and tooth type were collected from the case records. The obtained data were subjected to descriptive statistics in the form of frequencies, cross-tabulations, and percentages using IBM® SPSS® Statistics version 25 software.
Results: A total of 857 cases containing the variables of interest were retrieved from the hospital records. The mean age of patients was 39.04 years, 478 (55.8%) patients were female, with a mean age of 37.87 years meanwhile, 379 (44.2%) were male with a mean age of 39.97 years. The majority of patients were TDI free n = 635 (74.1%) giving a TDI prevalence of 25.9%.
Conclusion: Data from this study revealed that the prevalence of TDI was 25.9%. Adults were more commonly affected by TDI than children or the elderly, biting on something hard during chewing was a major contributor to the TDI prevalence.
Keywords: Traumatic Dental Injury, Prevalence of TDI, Dental patients, Healthcare and Southern Nigeria.
Cite this article: Osadolor AJ, Ekariama A, Oyibo AI, Osadolor OO, Omorodion GI. Prevalence of traumatic dental injury among dental patients presenting at a secondary healthcare facility in Southern Nigeria: a five-year retrospective study. Yen Med J. 2021;3(1):75–82.
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