Profile of children with cerebral palsy attending Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Physiotherapy out-patient clinic

Gbonjubola YT1, Muhammad DG1, Alexender OA1, Gordons EA1, Abubakar IA1, Elijah OB2
1Physiotherapy Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi, Nigeria.
2Department of Public Health, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Daha Garba Muhammad; +234 706 680 5746; dahagarba@gmail.com

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Abstract

Background: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a non-progressive developmental movement and posture disorder that occurs during foetal or infant development. CP has been said to be due to a broad group of developmental, genetic, metabolic, ischaemic, infectious and other acquired aetiologies that produce a common group of neurological manifestation.
Objective: To describe the clinical profile of children with CP attending Physiotherapy out-patient clinics in Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted over a period of 6 months from November 2019 to April, 2020 and involved the use of data collection form to obtain participant demographic and clinical variables and caregiver’s socio-demography. A consecutive sampling technique was used to recruit the participant.  The data obtained from the study was analysed using Microsoft Excel 2013 and SPSS v20 using descriptive statistics of frequency and percentage and inferential statistics of Chi-square or Fisher exact.
Results: A total of 45 participants were recruited over the study period. Majority of the participant aged below 2 years and that Male (68.9%) predominated in the study. Spastic and quadriplegic type of cerebral palsy are the commonest cerebral palsy seen based on motor and topographical classification respectively. Jaundice and asphyxia were the commonest underlying causes of CP cerebral palsy cases found. Half of the participants have one or more associated comorbidity. There was a significant association between motor classification and causes of cerebral palsy (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The most common cause of Cerebral palsy in Bauchi include Jaundice and asphyxia. Spastic cerebral palsy was the predominant motor type of CP while quadriplegia was the most common topographic type noted. Place of delivery, mode of delivery and the social status of the mother are not associated with the type of cerebral palsy in the children.

Keywords: Cerebral Palsy, Clinical Variables, Demographic Variables, Physiotherapy.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):60 – 69.

Cite this article: Muhammad DG, Okorocha AA, Ewomazino AG, Ibrahim AA, Oladokun BE. Profile of children with cerebral palsy attending Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, physiotherapy out-patient clinic. Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):60 – 69.

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