Review of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) curriculum of West African countries against the standard CSE curriculum: any existing literature?

Olufadewa II1,3, 5 Adesina MA1-4* Oladele RI1,3
1Slum and Rural Health Initiative Research Academy, Lalupon, Oyo State, Nigeria.
2Cephas Health Research Initiative Inc, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
3College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
4Universal Care for Africa Foundation, St Louis, USA.
5Pan African University of Life and Earth Sciences Institute, PAULESI, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Miracle A. Adesina; +234 703 036 9940; miracleadesina5@gmail.com

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Abstract

Background: Young people (10-24 years), represent about 30% of the world’s population and 40% of West Africa’s population. Several studies have shown that they are in dire need of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) because they are vulnerable to risky and unhealthy behaviours such as unprotected sexual intercourse, sexual violence, unsafe abortion, multiple sexual partners among others. CSE is very effective in reducing these risky sexual behaviours and international agencies such as UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund), WHO, UNAIDS and many more emphasize the need for CSE in the early stage of life, in formal settings such as in primary and secondary schools and informal settings such as religious centres.

The need for all countries in West Africa to have a national CSE curriculum that conforms to the standard CSE cannot be overemphasized as a recent study has shown that countries with CSE curriculum with moderate to serious gaps have higher prevalence of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) among youths. An online search of English literatures on review of the national CSE curriculum of West African countries in tandem with the standard CSE curriculum was carried out on AERD (African Education Research Database), PubMed, UNFPA, UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) and UNWOMEN; however, no literature was found.

Conclusion: This shows that this is a highly neglected area; there is therefore an urgent need to conduct research on this area as this will help in properly and appropriately addressing the sexual and reproductive health issues of young people in West Africa.

Keywords: Review, Comprehensive sexuality education, Curriculum, Standard CSE, West Africa.
Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):90 – 94.

Cite this article: Olufadewa II, Adesina MA, Oladele RI. Review of Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) Curriculum of West African Countries against the Standard CSE Curriculum: Any Existing Literature? Yen Med J. 2020;2(4):90 – 94.

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