The pattern of reversible contraceptive uptake at the family planning and contraceptive unit at a tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria.

Ozori Ebiogbo S1*, Agbo J1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
*Correspondence: Dr. Ozori Ebiogbo S; +234 806 587 6000; ozoriniseod@yahoo.com

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Abstract

Background: Contraception remains one of the pillars to reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Reversible contraceptives are relied on for contraception especially by women who want to delay or space child bearing, but its uptake is being influenced by various factors.
Aim: To determining the pattern of reversible contraceptive uptake at the Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa between the 1st of January, 2014 and the 31st of December, 2018.
Objectives: To determine the socio-demographic characteristics of the clients who chose reversible contraceptive methods at the Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa state. To determine the proportion of men and teenagers who chose a reversible contraceptive method and the most commonly chosen reversible contraceptive method.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective descriptive study design was used. The data was collected using a Proforma and they were entered into Microsoft Excel spread sheet. The data was analysed using the statistical package for social sciences version 20.0 for windows. The results were expressed in frequencies, percentages and presented in tabular form.
Results: Of the 2,676 clients who presented at the family planning and contraceptive unit of the Federal Medical Centre, 2,663 chose a reversible contraceptive method during the study period. Most of the clients were aged between 30 and 34 years with a mean age of 33.2 years. About 5 (0.19%) were teenagers and 19 (0.7%) were men. Up to 65.3% of the clients had completed secondary level of education while 7.8% of the clients had completed primary education.  About 61.1% were multiparous and 1% was nulliparous. Most clinic personnel (63.6%) were the major source of information about reversible contraceptive methods and child spacing was the most common reason for opting for one. The number of clients who chose a reversible contraceptive method decreased each year; from 721 (27%) in 2014 to 386 (14.5%) in 2018.
Conclusion: The peak period of the reproductive career of the clients was the peak time for the uptake of reversible contraceptive methods. Reversible contraceptive method uptake by teenagers and men was low. Reversible contraceptive method uptake was increased with secondary level of education. The uptake of reversible contraceptive methods increased with increasing parity.

Keywords: Reversible contraceptives, Socio-demographic characteristics, Clients.

Cite this article: Ozori Ebiogbo S, Agbo J. The pattern of reversible contraceptive uptake at the family planning and contraceptive unit at a tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria. Yen Med J. 2020;2(2):73–80.

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