The radiology department in COVID-19 pandemic: approach and outcome at a semi-urban tertiary hospital

Ogunsemoyin AO1, Akinbodewa AA2, Fatukasi JI1, Idowu BM3*, Osho ES1, Oyamakinde SO1, Akindeju FF1, Bello AO1, Odeyemi TA1, Agbaje OA1, Adeyanju CA4, Ogunsemoyin OB5
1Department of Radiology, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospitals Complex, Laje Road, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospitals Complex, Laje Road, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
3Department of Radiology, Union Diagnostics and Clinical Services Plc, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria.
4Department of Public Health, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospitals Complex, Laje Road, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria.5Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
*Correspondence: Dr. Bukunmi Michael Idowu; ibmcontacts@gmail.com

Download full article in pdf format

Abstract

Background: There has been an increase in the exposure of radiology staff worldwide in the first and second waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. To prevent the spread of disease to the frontline radiology staff, different departments have instituted diverse preventive and precautionary measures. However, the adaptability of the plethora of interventions available for the prevention of disease transmission depends partly on the socio-economic capability of the affected setting.
Objectives: To outline the approach and outcome of a radiology department in a resource-constrained setting at University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospitals (UNIMEDTH), Ondo State Nigeria, to the curtailment of disease transmission to the departmental staff.
Materials and Methods: An observational report on the approach for curtailment of COVID-19 disease transmission to departmental staff and the outcome, at the University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospitals (UNIMEDTH), Ondo State Nigeria. The approach utilized in such resource-constrained setting was observed between April 2020 and April 2021. This was documented by taking notes and pictures and the outcome presented.
Results: Eight cases of COVID-19 infection were recorded among 66 staff of the department. This is a case rate of 12.1%.
Conclusion: Our modest preventive measures helped reduce patient-to-staff and inter-staff transmission of COVID-19 virus to the minimum.

Keywords: COVID-19, Radiology department, Personnel protection, Nigeria.

Cite this article: Ogunsemoyin AO, Akinbodewa AA, Fatukasi JI, Idowu BM, Osho ES, Oyamakinde SO, Akindeju FF, Bello AO, Odeyemi TA, Agbaje OA, Adeyanju CA, Ogunsemoyin OB. The radiology department in COVID-19 pandemic: approach and outcome at a semi-urban tertiary hospital. Yen Med J. 2022;4(3):54–61.

REFERENCES

  1. Kim H. Outbreak of novel coronavirus (COVID-19): What is the role of radiologists? Eur Radiol. 2020;30(6):3266-3267. doi:10.1007/s00330-020-06748-2.
  2. Odukoya OO, Adejimi AA, Isikekpei B, Jim CS, Osibogun A, Ogunsola F. Epidemiological trends of coronavirus disease 2019 in Nigeria: From 1 to 10,000. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2020;27(4):271-279. doi:10.4103/npmj.npmj_233_20.
  3. Bowale A, Abayomi A, Idris J, et al. Clinical presentation, case management and outcomes for the first 32 COVID-19 patients in Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2020;35(Suppl 2):24. doi:10.11604/pamj.supp.2020.35.2.23262.
  4. Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). NCDC Coronavirus COVID-19 Microsite. Available from: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/. Accessed April 27, 2021.
  5. Afolabi BI, Idowu BM, Onigbinde SO. Multimodality imaging of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a pictorial essay. Pol J Radiol. 2020;85:e387-e393. doi:10.5114/pjr.2020.97957.
  6. Ai T, Yang Z, Hou H, et al. Correlation of Chest CT and RT-PCR Testing for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China: A Report of 1014 Cases. Radiology. 2020;296(2):E32-E40. doi:10.1148/radiol.2020200642.
  7. Mutala TM, Onyambu CK, Aywak AA. Radiology practice in sub-Saharan Africa during the COVID-19 outbreak: points to consider. Pan Afr Med J. 2020;37:28. doi:10.11604/pamj.2020.37.28.23081.
  8. Laamrani FZ, Chaibi A, Billah NM, et al. Reorganization of the imaging units in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: experience of the Ibn Sina University Hospital in Rabat. Pan Afr Med J. 2020;35(Suppl 2):30. doi:10.11604/pamj.supp.2020.35.2.23239.
  9. Zumla AI, James DG. Immunologic aspects of tropical lung disease. Clin Chest Med. 2002;23(2):283-308, vii. doi:10.1016/s0272-5231(01)00005-3.
  10. Burki T. Global shortage of personal protective equipment. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(7):785-786. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30501-6.
  11. Kea B, Johnson A, Lin A, et al. An international survey of healthcare workers use of personal protective equipment during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2021;2(2):e12392. doi:10.1002/emp2.12392.
  12. Bushberg JT, ed. The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging. 3rd ed. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.
  13. Finkenzeller T, Lenhart S, Reinwald M, et al. Risk to Radiology Staff for Occupational COVID-19 Infection in a High-Risk and a Low-Risk Region in Germany: Lessons from the “First Wave.” Rofo. 2021;193(5):537-543. doi:10.1055/a-1393-6668.
  14. Gandras EJ, Greben CR. COVID-19 Infection Rate In Interventional Radiology Health Care Workers Within A Large Health System: Effectiveness of A Pragmatic Infection Control Mitigation Strategy. Available from: https://tinyurl.com/24nykw2d. Accessed July 23, 2022.
  15. Al Youha S, Alowaish O, Ibrahim IK, et al. Factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection amongst healthcare workers in a COVID-19 designated hospital. J Infect Public Health. 2021;14(9):1226-1232. doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2021.08.012.
  16. Nguyen LH, Drew DA, Graham MS, et al. Risk of COVID-19 among front-line health-care workers and the general community: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Public Health. 2020;5(9):e475-e483. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30164-X.
  17. Bandyopadhyay S, Baticulon RE, Kadhum M, et al. Infection and mortality of healthcare workers worldwide from COVID-19: a systematic review. BMJ Glob Health. 2020;5(12):e003097. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003097.
  18. Martin CA, Pan D, Melbourne C, et al. Risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in a multiethnic cohort of United Kingdom healthcare workers (UK-REACH): A cross-sectional analysis. PLOS Medicine. 2022;19(5):e1004015. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1004015.
  19. Idowu BM. Postgraduate radiology education in Nigeria: Looking backward and forward. SA J Radiol. 2018;22(1):1362. doi:10.4102/sajr.v22i1.1362.
  20. Revel MP, Parkar AP, Prosch H, et al. COVID-19 patients and the radiology department – advice from the European Society of Radiology (ESR) and the European Society of Thoracic Imaging (ESTI). Eur Radiol. 2020;30(9):4903-4909. doi:10.1007/s00330-020-06865-y.
  21. Mu L, Zhang C, Pei Y, Wang J. The worldwide coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak: Advice and recommendation on radiology management and infection control from makeshift hospitals in Wuhan. Medicine. 2021;100(19):e25117. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000025117.
  22. Tuite MJ. What Preparedness Advice for COVID-19 Did Radiology Departments Follow? Radiology. 2022;304(1):126-127. doi:10.1148/radiol.220362.
Scroll to Top
× Chat